Alcoholism is a disease, a very serious related to craving for alcohol, which manifests itself in the form of physical and psychological dependence. With alcohol problems face not only in Russia but in other countries, however, only in Russia alcoholism is so widespread a problem that is comparable to a national disaster.
Even the Bible says that people drank wine, drank it everywhere, instead of water, or perhaps tea decoction, but it is not known what it was wine, was it beer or was considered like the juice, and the atmosphere in those days was different. The pressure of the atmosphere otherwise affected the people who lived in antiquity, alcohol-containing beverages could have a detrimental impact on the body of the ancient inhabitants, such as kefir or kvass on the living.
Are there ways to cure alcoholism each person individually and the nation as a whole? Is. It is necessary to carry out prevention of this disease. In the same way as the doctors who put people flu shots, or the population itself during the epidemic of flu or colds begins to eat garlic and drink lemon tea to strengthen the immune system and not to catch a cold. Need to conduct interviews with people on the topic of alcohol dependence.
Prevention of alcoholism to the right people at any age because people become dependent on various life reasons: someone pushes a trivial concern is more often in adolescence, someone in the family problems of young and middle age, and some age struggling with depression, seeing a glass of intoxicating drink out of all life's troubles.
Prevention of alcoholism is very important, because it is easier to anticipate and prevent than to deal with the consequences, and so treatment is difficult and not always successful. Many alcoholics after treatment feel relieved but after some time return to this destructive habit is to drink alcohol.
Prevention of alcohol dependence is:
Primary prevention of alcoholism carried out in the form of a conversation, it prevents the occurrence of alcohol dependence. This conversation, viewing of videos and listening course interviews with people who consume harmful drinks. The people leading the fight against the disease, leave in places of a mass congestion of people and promote healthy lifestyle. Conversations need to spend with students, on the employment exchanges and youth.
Usually these conversations boil down to stories about the diseases caused by the intake of alcohol. Impaired activity of the gastrointestinal tract, begin to hurt the liver and kidney, develops alcoholic hepatitis, the pancreas can not cope with the functions assigned to it, appears the pancreatitis, which then goes into diabetes.
The influence of Western ideologies are very much operating on the Russian citizens. Previously there was no such thing as a glass of wine for Breakfast to improve digestion. Now more and more business dinners and meetings held with the use of alcohol, and is it possible to do important transactions are not sober?
More and more families destroyed due to the fact that one or both spouses abuse alcohol. Even the beer that the majority of men considers a harmless drink, causing irreparable consequences. Not only that, it disrupts the nervous system, and increases the amount of female hormones in the male body. Men become like women: they have a roundness on the belly and hips and mind shaken – men begin throwing tantrums, and increasingly "hit" on a tear. That's primary prevention of alcohol dependence, to avoid all irreversible effects, which is fraught with alcohol.
Secondary prevention is a conversation and meeting with people who are treated at the moment his habit of drinking alcohol. Prevention of drunkenness and alcoholism is meeting with the family of the patient that its members strongly supported and helped in the cure of the habit.
And by the members of the family need psychological help to combat the problem of alcoholism because their family is changing – first from exemplary family man, he turns into a drunkard and an alcoholic who stops to appreciate his family, and then, on the contrary, he tries to turn back into an honest man. Sometimes believe in miracles is much more complicated than that the miracle has already happened, and the person ceased to be dependent.
Tertiary prevention is a society of alcoholics anonymous.
But it is very difficult to find someone who would be listened to and not judged, helped to cope with the problem and shared their experience. For these purposes are increasingly being created alcoholics anonymous, where people talk to each other, share their problems and experiences, tell how they fought the disease. With them the psychologist works and helps them to understand themselves. Such companies are required each city of Russia, then there will be less people suffering from alcoholism.
Now, increasingly, from teenagers to hear that they drank on the weekend or at the disco with alcohol. This is an opportunity to begin to sound the alarm.
The program of prevention of alcohol abuse among students should be designed for two age groups:
Prevention programme should be in every school, is designed for a specific population of children and parents, updates, and adjustments you need to make annually.
It is clear that children under the age of 11 years will not drink alcohol, but it can be done by their parents. It is the work with parents is a key element of this program. On the shoulders of the classroom teacher lies task is to recognize parents who suffer from alcohol dependence. How to do this?
To hold parent meetings at least 1 time per month. It is clear that school teachers and their lack of problems at work and in your personal life, they need to write programs every day preparing for classes, to milk in the early grades, check homework. Teachers in schools is not enough – it is an acute problem, many of them have to take under his leadership of two classes and work in two shifts, and then there's the parents. But if time does not recognize that the child in the family, problems with alcohol, his parents drink, and the child suffers, in the future he is a potential alcoholic. His grades are low, he is left to himself, and the behavior leaves much to be desired.
These children are trying to attract the attention of adults, in this case teachers, that is bad behavior, because otherwise they can not. Or have learned that bad thing will quickly draw attention than good.
Conducting parent meetings will assess the whole picture. If parents regularly attend meetings, actively participate in their children's lives, in the family all right. But if the parents do not come in contact with the class teacher, do not attend the meeting, citing work, you should think about the involvement of the family to alcohol dependence.
Individual interviews with parents. If the parents did not attend a school meeting, you should try to meet with them personally, to appoint a convenient time and talk about the school problems of children, their academic performance and class tasks.
School activities and trips. Hiking – fun time for kids, they love to go camping, relax by the fire, cook sausages. For the classroom teacher – is a very big responsibility, he takes a child and is responsible for their safety, but he can observe their behavior. Children from disadvantaged families do not mince words, talk about what their parents drink, and when do children drink tea or other drinks, they knock the mugs, as adults do. This behavior makes younger students to think about the fact that they are from a dysfunctional family, and it is necessary to help a child and his parents.
Quite a challenge in schools and other educational institutions is the need to prevent drunkenness. On the average across Russia children start to drink alcohol from the age of 14. Encourage them to do so can not only the situation in the family, but also the environment, the relationship between peers, the desire for popularity. Many Teens mistakenly believe that drinking will make them more popular, having many friends among the opposite sex and to establish his personal life.
If the kids just to talk and show them videos about the dangers of alcohol and the impact on the young organism, in this case, the benefit of this will be minimal. Teenagers rarely think about their own health and the health of their future children.
The prevention of drunkenness among adolescents should be limited to the following: to leave children with less free time. Involve them in all sorts of school stuff and activities: preparation of school nooks and booths, work in groups on projects on any subject, but that it was done on school grounds or the school yard, not at home when parents are at work and children have the opportunity to purchase alcohol in the store.
Schools and other educational institutions need to spend more sports and entertainment events, attendance at which is mandatory.
Sport and active lifestyle – this is the prevention of alcoholism and promote healthy lifestyle.
If every child in necessarily have to visit the sports section at school, the time for the consumption of alcoholic beverages will not.
In 60% of cases of teenagers starting to drink alcohol under the influence of the drinking of parents or other family members, and in 40% of cases, the children partake of alcohol due to the fact that they have nothing to do, they get tired to sit at the computer and listen to music. Alcohol helps them to begin to communicate with each other, they think so.
Modern teenagers are proficient in computer technology, actively click on the keys and chatting with each other. But they do not know how to speak, to communicate, they need to feel confident, so they are hiding behind the alcohol. What to do in such a situation? The lessons in schools teachers need to try to build lessons so that the children communicated with dialogue, discuss issues. The teacher or lecturer should not teach the class in the form of a monologue and lecture. Where else can children learn to communicate with peers, if not in schools.
Prevention of alcoholism among teenagers is at the state level. Alcohol is banned to sell to children and teenagers under the age of 18, after 21-00 in some regions and after 22-00 throughout Russia. Such a law exists but is not always performed. The execution of the law you must follow, because some sellers sell alcoholic beverages to children, and some adults buy alcohol at the request of teenagers. Prevention of teenage alcoholism should be public to avoid cases of sale of alcohol to underage people and buying alcohol for minors adolescence.
Prevention of alcoholism among Teens should be taken comprehensively. This should involve the family, schools and the state.
If men have a drinking problem to be solved, and the dependence is though difficult but possible to cure, that female alcoholism is incurable. It has long been a proven fact. Women that look not as good as before the illness, will never fully be able to get rid of the dependence, in any difficult situation they will again and again hitting the bottle and try to drown their problems in wine or something stronger.
Is one way to combat female alcoholism the prevention of alcoholism. Young girls prefer a lighter grade of alcohol: light beer, sparkling wine or a Martini. They don't think about the fact that the body gets used to sweet liquids that can lead to intoxication and give a misleading news, after drinking such beverages during the year, 1-2 times a week there is a dependence, which is incurable. After 2-3 years of such drinking alcohol easy alcohol does not bring intoxicating lightness, and girls to more potent alcohol without thinking about their health.
The mass of water in the female body at 20% less than in the male psyche softer. And the body is not designed for alcoholic beverages and toxins, therefore, there is a severe form of dependence. Girls often do not even think about the fact that I will never be able to give up alcohol, so from an early age they need to carry out explanatory conversations. What's more, drunk girl is bad control, can occur unprotected sex with young people, which will lead to unwanted pregnancy. A "drunken" conception is very dangerous for the baby and for the expectant mother.
More than 60% of girls aged 14-17 years drink alcohol only in companies, but at 40% there is a desire to drink alone. If parents notice increased anxiety daughter or irritability, rudeness, decline in academic performance in studies, it is necessary to hold conversation with her, and then to go to a psychologist. The prevention of women's alcoholism must be carried out. Alcohol abuse among women leads to infertility and problems with childbirth.