Alcohol dependence is a serious personal and social problem. It is believed that the addiction of women to alcohol is more difficult therapy. How is alcoholism treated in women?
Alcoholism – a pathological addiction to alcohol containing beverages. This disorder occurs in both men and women. However, in patients of female alcoholism is formed in a very short time, thus takes a severe form, leading to degradation of the personality of the patient. In addition, the specificity of the endocrine and reproductive systems women is that addiction to alcohol causes in patients with acute hormonal disorders, leading to pathologies of internal organs and systems.
The primary symptoms of alcoholism are the following features:
Many of those suffering from addiction to alcohol, women hide their problem from family members and friends. In this case, the presence of alcoholism may be suspected, the presence of the following indirect signs:
Attention! In most cases, family members of the patient suffering from addiction to alcohol, noted deterioration of the financial position, periodic loss of funds.
In the course of alcoholism, both female and male, you should allocate three stages. The first most easy therapy furthermore, some patients unable at this stage to refuse to accept alcohol. When a woman develops the addiction, it begins to lose a sense of proportion in the use of alcoholic beverages, and the dose needed to achieve intoxication, is increasing rapidly. At the same time during a long period of sobriety the patient there is nervousness and irritability.
Formed resistance to alcohol leads to reduction of symptoms of intoxication after drinking alcohol: a woman stops to bother cephalalgia in the morning, nausea and vomiting, weakness. However, in the absence of the ability to drink alcohol, the patient begins to experience discomfort, fatigue, she developed depression.
When a pathology reaches the second stage, the patient formed withdrawal syndrome. It is a syndrome developing on the background of the discontinuation of psycho stimulant drugs.
It is on the second stage based on resistance to alcohol reaches a peak. A woman can use fairly large doses of alcohol, feeling satisfactory. The health of the patient worsens after drinking alcohol, but greatly reduced ability to control own behavior, there are bouts of aggression and disorientation.
The woman begins to suffer prolonged alcoholic periods initially occur rarely and last for 1-2 days. Over time, the duration of such periods increases, and attempt sudden cessation of alcohol causes psychosis. Such a condition manifested by the following features:
Attention! Alcoholic psychosis – a condition hazardous to health and life as the woman and others. The patient with this disorder, need expert help.
Upon reaching the third stage, based on a woman's body is in a constant state of intoxication. State of pronounced intoxication occurs after drinking 50-100 ml of spirits. The patient loses control over his behavior, the degradation of mental and physical appearance, social roles are violated. Patients in this phase characterizes the complete destruction of the emotional-volitional sphere.
The appearance of the patient in the third stage of alcoholism becomes salient features:
Method of alcoholism treatment is determined individually in each case. When choosing a method of therapy, the doctor must consider the following factors:
Essential therapy is the absolute refusal of the women from drinking alcohol. It is a necessity due to two factors. First, most medications are not compatible with alcohol. Secondly, people suffering from addiction, unable to control the amount of alcohol consumed. In addition, the body of the patient is in a state of permanent intoxication. To minimize the detrimental effect of alcohol, it is necessary to achieve its complete removal.
To date, the most appropriate method of treatment of addiction to alcohol is a long-term rehabilitation in a specialized clinic. In most cases, such institutions are closed, i.e. during treatment, they are not allowed to leave without the permission of the doctor. This allows you not allow alcohol on the area.
In modern medical practice, there are various methods of treatment of patients for alcoholism. All are aimed at ridding the patient of the addiction and the subsequent maximum social adaptation of women. In most clinics the treatment involves the integrated use of multiple methods, including both medication and psychotherapy.
Encoding – the most popular to date method of getting rid of addiction to alcohol. The treatment is carried out in two ways: either with the use of hypnosis, either through the introduction of special medicines. Often, professionals resort to combination therapy, presupposing both methods.
Coding with the use of pharmacological drugs is called aversive therapy. At the same time in a woman's body is injected a small dose of medicines that cause alcohol intolerance. aversive treatment like hypnosis that refers to behavioral therapy as the patient produces strong mental rejection of alcohol.
Coding method Dovzhenko method based on the use of several psychiatric techniques:
Encoding is used for the relief of patients of various forms of pathological addictions, including in complex therapy of drug addiction, alcoholism, gambling, etc. the Method is based on the use of hypnosis. The founder of this method is the doctor-psychiatrist Alexander Dovzhenko. The basis effects put stress therapy.
Treatment is carried out in a medical facility. Using hypnosis, the specialist clearly and lucidly explains the patient information about the harmful effects of alcohol on human health. This patient promotes aversion to alcohol and the rejection of the systematic abuse of alcoholic beverages. It is worth considering that in most cases, the woman also requires medical help. Most effectively this method works when working with patients with the first stage of alcohol dependence.
Today one of the most popular methods of treatment of alcohol dependence is to install a special implant. The essence of this method is to install into the body of the patient special capsules. It contains a pharmacological agent that provokes the change of metabolic processes in female organism after drinking alcohol. In contact with ethyl alcohol in the blood, patients experience the following symptoms:
Capsule with surgical intervention, the surgeon clips in muscle women. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia and lasts about 10-30 minutes, after which the patient can return to their daily activities. On average, the lifetime of the implant varies from 8-9 months to 2-3 years. Today on the pharmaceutical market began to receive more funds with a longer action that retain efficacy up to 4-5 years.
The essence of this method is based on chemical reactions of the active substance of disulfiram with the enzyme acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. It is a catalyst for the decomposition of acetaldehyde is a component of alcohol. As a result, not broken acetaldehyde causes the acute short-term poisoning of the body.
This process occurs in the shortest possible time, from several minutes to half an hour, so the patient does not have time to reach a state of intoxication, and immediately begins to experience symptoms of intoxication. The dose required for a sharp deterioration, the minimum is about 40-50 ml of alcohol.
Often after the implantation of capsules the doctor invites the patient to make 1-2 SIPS of alcohol, to provide the opportunity to verify the effectiveness of the drug. In addition, this measure allows to control the reaction of the female organism to the action of the implant.
In normal patients, after a few months develop a strong intolerance to alcohol. However, it is worth considering that in most cases, before implantation, it is necessary to conduct a number of activities, including drug removal from the state of the abstinence syndrome and the implementation of psychotherapeutic rehabilitation.
Psychotherapy is one of the essential methods in the treatment of alcohol dependence. In most cases, sessions with a psychologist and a therapist are held in the complex of treatment, including drugs, implants and hypnosis.
The main goal of psychotherapy for alcoholism – helping the patient in the rejection of psychological dependence on alcohol promotion in establishing normal social relationships, etc.
Working with a therapist can be held both individually and in a group. In direct communication with the patient's specialist considers personal reasons caused by pathological dependence, helps to work through personal problems and traumas. Group therapy is aimed at organizing cooperation between patients, sharing experiences, meeting with women who have been able to overcome addiction.
Most often for the rehabilitation of patients with alcoholism the following techniques are used:
The specialist determines the main method of treatment after exploring the patient and study the history of her life. It is also possible to replace the chosen method of psychotherapy, if it does not fit a woman for any reason. Often as part of complex treatment several types of psychotherapy.
Female alcoholism – a severe addiction, leading to impaired physical and mental health. In modern medical practice, there are various techniques to cure this disease. However, it should be borne in mind that the efficacy of therapeutic measures largely depends on the willingness of the patient to get rid of addiction to alcohol.